For the people of Sumba, woven cloth contains a lot of meaning in it. Each meaning contained is symbolized by various motifs that are embodied on woven cloth. Such as nature, too, and objects that are closely related to human daily life. For example, from part 1 of the “Sumba Ikat motifs” series, the crocodile or dragon motif reflects the power and power of the king. The stages of making it can be said to be quite long. At first, the cotton was spun, after it became yarn, it was decided, then dyed before starting to be woven by the craftsmen. Now, let’s read more about the meaning of Sumba Ikat Human Motifs.
Sumba Ikat Motif: Human – Part 5
4. Wilhelmina or Queen of the Netherlands
6. Tau Rianja (Dancing People)
8. Liakat (Stairs Up & Stairs Down)
9. Tiana (Boat)
10. Kandunnu (Star)
12. Hiamba Roti
13. Hunda Rangga
14. Ukki / Mata Ndui (Currency)
15. Papanggang (Queen Kara Wulang)
16. Upacara Weli Meti Lundu Taning (Death To Burial Ceremony)
17. Mata Hutar
18. Walla Mangata
Wilhelmina is the queen of the Dutch kingdom and of course, she is in the Netherlands. This means that there is a cultural relationship between the Sumbanese people and the Dutch kingdom. This pattern is taken from a handkerchief given by the queen of the Dutch kingdom to one of the kingdoms / autonomous regions along the coast of East Sumba. This pattern symbolizes Culture and Greatness.
The Ndui Wilhelmina motif (Wilhelmina Currency) is a symbol of Queen Wilhelmina found on the woven cloth of East Sumba. It is the symbol of the Queen which was inspired by the Gulden coin in the Dutch Colonial era.
Mamuli is a symbol of women. Symbolizes fertility and also respect for women.
The Tau Rianja (Dancing People), this Ikat Sumba motif is a symbol of joy.
Pasola or Spear Horse Dance (Parenja Njara Nimbu) is a cultural heritage activity or it can also be referred to as a traditional Sumba ceremony during the rice planting season. This ceremony is intended to ask forgiveness and ask God so that the harvest will be abundant later.
While the motif of Tau Kaliti Njara (Horse Rider) symbolizes authority, majesty, and high social status.
The Liakat pattern depicts an ascending ladder (panongu hei) and a descending ladder (panongu puru) in Marapu’s understanding. The Sumba Ikat motif Liakat is a symbol of Indian cultural and religious influence. The concept of God in Hinduism, Buddhism, Hindu Buddhism recognizes a two-way path, namely, God descends to humans and humans ascends to God. The teachings of “ascending” and “descending” in relation to the union of man with God, are found in the teachings of Tantrayana and have been known in Indonesia since the VIII to XI centuries. The ladder is a path or method of achieving oneness with the Supreme Being, philosophically rational. The meaning of up and down is the same as right and left. Up and down are time categories, while right and left are space categories.
The Liakat symbol is also found on the tombstones or tombstones of megalithic graves.
This pattern is a symbol of appreciation of the cooperation and unity of the ancestors in a boat since their long journey from the Malacca peninsula across small and large islands to the land of Humba.
The Kandunnu (Star) pattern as in general is a symbol of hope.
The Buanda motif is a symbol of the ties of brotherhood that was newly created by the ikat artist, Titus K. Limu in 2017.
The pattern of Hiamba Roti is a kind of flower that is similar to Patola Ratu. Symbolizes beauty and harmony.
Hunda Rangga is a symbol of royalty and respect.
Ukki or Mata Ndui (Currency) was the currency in ancient times.
Queen Kara Wulang is a symbol of the Queen riding a buffalo while being shaded by an umbrella called Papanggang. Usually found on cloth that tells of the king’s burial procession.
This motif is a symbol of the death ceremony until the burial of a noble.
Mata Hutar is a new symbol created by ikat artist Paulus Balla and is a symbol of beauty.
Walla Mangata is a symbol of beauty.
That’s our last chapter of the “Sumba Ikat Motifs” series. Thank you for reading this series, If you would like to know more about Sumba’s culture, please check out our other articles about Sumba. In Kaliuda Gallery, you can find curated Sumba Ikat in various motifs and colors. Browse our Ikat section for more information.